Often forced to remove their clothes, they were all forced to the edge of the ravine; the soldiers shot the adults and threw the babies and young children into the pit alive. Both the living and the dead were buried together.
Later, as the Allies moved closer, the Nazis began an attempt to remove the evidence of the massacre. The soldiers brought inmates of a nearby concentration camp to the site and put shackles and chains on them. Then they were forced to dig all the bodies out, which was difficult, as the corpses were compacted together. Next the prisoners built furnaces by alternating layers of metal rails, wood and 1000 bodies for each layer. Each furnace was three stories high and soaked with fuel, and lit. In this manner approximately 100,000 bodies were burned.
In addition people were gassed in trucks, prisoners died working and many were shot- all being added to the funeral pyres. Over the course of the war many more were killed in this location including soldiers of various countries. The total estimate is 100-150,000 people were murdered at Babi Yar.
When all the evidence was burned, to avoid being killed the next day, the prisoners made a massive escape with many living to give account of what happened.
“The Riddle of Babi Yar: The True Story Told by a Survivor of the Mass Murders in Kiev” -by Ziama Trubakov